When viewing the individual report for PAT:Mathematics, users view the graph displaying student reponses and statistics.Individual Report maps how well a student has performed on the different questions within a test. Although the Individual Reports for all PATs/STAR/S:TwE look quite different, they are all built on a set of common concepts.
By CLICKING on the SHOW QUESTION button in the righthand menu, users can switch between List View & Strand View.
- Black circle - answered correctly
- White circle - answered incorrectly
- Grey circle - omitted
Each question can be displayed by clicking on a question number. This opens the Individual Item Report for that question, which displays the actual question as presented in the test and provides a range of information about the question, and displays the multi-choice options selected by students. It also provides links to similar questions in the test.
Gaps and strengths
Evidence that a gap exists in a student’s knowledge could be indicated when a student has incorrectly answered a question that he or she was expected to answer correctly. Although it could also have been just a “silly mistake”, it should be followed up and investigated further.
Similarly, when a student has correctly answered a question that was expected to be answered incorrectly it could be evidence that he or she has a particular strength in an area. Again, there could also be other reasons; for instance, the student may have simply made a lucky guess. E.G. If the student has answered Questions 7 incorrectly (it is presented as a non-filled circle). Given the student’s overall level of achievement this question was expected to be answered correctly. It is possible that he has a gap in this area, which could be confirmed with further questioning.
NB:When students sit tests that are too easy, there are no questions at their scale level and users cannot define next steps.
When students sit tests that are too hard, their responses are unreliable (guesses) and users cannot define next steps.
Comparing Performance across Strands
The Individual Report can be used to provide an indication of how a student has performed in the different Strands. However, it is important to note that each Strand has a different number of questions and that these questions vary in difficulty. This makes it unwise to make direct comparisons between Strands on the basis of the number of questions answered correctly. There is evidence that a student is performing less successfully in a Strand when he or she is unable to answer the majority of the questions in the Strand that are located below the student’s location on the scale.